Organizational structure elements describe how the company is structured and organized within theSAPsystem. They are shared by most of the processes and they are used or shared by multiple functional areas. Therefore, it is critical to have a good understanding of these elements in order to have a global view of theSAPsystem.
The first section of the document provides an overview of the Organizational Structure inSAPand the relationship between the main elements. The next section provides a detailed description of each element. The Operating Chart of Accounts CoA is an organized list of all general ledger master records natural accounts that are required for one or more Company Codes. It defines the highest level structure of the SAP Finance module. Not all accounts defined within the CoA must be used by every assigned Company Code.
It is possible for only a subset of the general ledger accounts within the CoA be available for posting. The CoA may also be maintained in different languages in order to meet country local language requirements. The Country CoA represents the account structure prescribed under national local regulations. Direct postings using this numbering convention cannot be made…the number can be described as more of an alias for the Operating GL account and is only available for reporting purposes.
It is the single point at which all financial transactions are posted and accumulated. In addition, CO primary cost elements, by definition, must exist also as GL accounts in the chart of accounts.
SAP Cost Center Hierarchy Tables
To use a GL account within a company code, the account would have to be extended to the said company code, i. The Group Chart of Accounts is used for consolidation purposes; it is typically a summarized corporate version of the operating chart of accounts e. This assignment is made in the GL account master record within the FI module.
Each time an entry is posted in the GL, the generated line items are also updated tagged with the Group account. A Company Code is an independent organizational unit representing a legal or logical entity that is required by law to prepare a balance sheet and profit and loss statement.
It contains the primary set of balanced accounting books. A Company Code normally represents a legal entity. All Company Codes must be assigned to a Chart of Accounts, and also to a Controlling Area should management accounting be required.When you set up cost accounting, you must make sure that all entries are assigned to a cost type as well as a cost center or a cost object.
The means that each cost entry must have a cost type assigned and a cost center code or a cost object assigned. This rule ensures that each cost entry appears in either the cost centers or the cost objects, but never in both places.
When you print the chart of cost type, the chart of cost centers, and the chart of cost objects reports, you can analyze this relationship. The chart of cost types is similar to the chart of accounts in the general ledger. You can set up the chart of cost types in the following ways:. Choose the icon, enter Chart of Cost Typesand then choose the related link.
In the dialog box, choose the Yes button to confirm the transfer. The function uses the chart of accounts to create a chart of cost types. The chart of cost types now contain all income statement accounts in the general ledger and include headings and subtotals. You can change the chart of cost types, as necessary.
For example, you can delete duplicate existing cost types. The Register Cost Types in Chart of Accounts function updates the relationship between the chart of accounts and the chart of cost types. The No. The function runs automatically before transferring general ledger entries to cost accounting. In this procedure, you set up cost types on the Chart of Cost Types page. After you have created all cost types, choose the Indent Cost Types action.
In the dialog box, choose the Yes button. If you have entered definitions in the Totaling fields for the line type of End-Total before you run the Indent Cost Types function, then you must enter the definitions again because the function overwrites the values in all End-Total fields. The relationship between the cost type and the general ledger account is created in the cost type and in the general ledger account.
These two fields are filled automatically when you use the Get Cost Types from Chart of Accounts function. There is an n:1 relationship between general ledger accounts and cost types.You can flatten a standard BW hierarchy by converting it to a characteristic-attribute relationship so end users can benefit from increased flexibility in performing BI analysis. Flattening the hierarchy gives a higher level of flexibility to the business users to filter on these navigational attributes within SAP BW and SAP Business Objects, and also places the navigational attributes in separate columns.
This dynamically reorders the appearance of the individual columns and allows the user to easily swap the columns to slice and dice data. Create custom program for flattening the cost center hierarchy with the following code. This particular code has been written for the cost center object, but can be generically used for any SAP ERP hierarchy by modifying the code as necessary. The program will start from the bottom or leaf nodes of the hierarchy structure and traverse its way up the hierarchy until it reaches the top level.
There is no dependency on the number of levels in the hierarchy or attributes corresponding to that hierarchy node level. Before running the ABAP program, you must do the following:. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. Here are the steps to follow: 1. Before running the ABAP program, you must do the following: — Schedule the program as a background job to ensure that the navigational attributes and hierarchies remain in sync.A cost center is a department or function within an organization that does not directly add to profit but still costs the organization money to operate.
Cost centers only contribute to a company's profitability indirectly, unlike a profit centerwhich contributes to profitability directly through its actions. Managers of cost centers, such as human resources and accounting departments are responsible for keeping their costs in line or below budget. Cost centers help management utilize resources in smarter ways by having a greater understanding of how they are being used.
Although cost centers contribute to revenue indirectly, it is impossible to discern the actual revenue generated. Any associated benefits or revenue-producing activities of these departments are disregarded for internal management purposes. The main function of a cost center is to track expenses. The manager of a cost center is only responsible for keeping costs in line with budget and does not bear any responsibility regarding revenue or investment decisions. Expense segmentation into cost centers allows for greater control and analysis of total costs.
Accounting for resources at a finer level such as a cost center allows for more accurate budgets, forecastsand calculations based on future changes. Cost centers provide metrics more relevant to internal reporting. Internal management utilizes cost center data to improve operational efficiency and maximize profit. External users of financial statementsincluding regulators, taxation authorities, investors, and creditors, have little use for cost center data. Therefore, external financial statements are generally prepared with line items displayed as an aggregate of all cost centers.
For this reason, cost center accounting falls under managerial accountingas opposed to financial or tax accounting. Cost centers include a company's accounting department, the information technology IT department, and maintenance staff. Manufacturing entities typically have a cost center for quality control. The customer service center of an entity only generates costs such as salaries and telephone expenses, and is therefore a cost center.
Cost centers do not need to be as large as departments. In fact, a department may have multiple cost centers within it.
A cost center may be any defined group in which management finds benefit in segregating the cost of the group. For example, a cost center may include all expenses related to a specific quality improvement project, grant award, or job position.
A downside to having this fine level of detail is the heavy requirements of information tracking that potentially outweigh the benefits of the knowledge obtained. Portfolio Management. Business Essentials. Career Advice. Your Money. Personal Finance. Your Practice. Popular Courses. What Is a Cost Center?
Key Takeaways A cost center is a function within an organization that does not directly add to profit but still costs money to operate, such as the accounting, HR, or IT departments. The main use of a cost center is to track actual expenses for comparison to budget. The manager for a cost center is only responsible for keeping costs in line with budget and does not bear any responsibility regarding revenue or investment decisions.
Compare Accounts. The offers that appear in this table are from partnerships from which Investopedia receives compensation. Related Terms Understanding Profit Centers A profit center is a branch or division of a company that directly adds to the corporation's bottom-line profitability.Choose your path Increase your proficiency with the Dynamics applications that you already use and learn more about the apps that interest you.
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Explore service offerings. The FastTrack program is designed to help you accelerate your Dynamics deployment with confidence. I do have a table which should hold the CostCenter initialized from CustTable.
Have you consider create a View in AOT which group the data to your requirement? Then you can create forms, reports and export data based on this view. Yes I thought about it but my problem is to save the "CostCenter" the table and to group just by that I just want to have the CostCenter of a related Customer in my data As understood the whole thing the DefaultDimension is always a set of Dimensions and I don't know how to show only the Cost Center value in a form or whereever and even I don't know how to group or filter for it.
Try the code posted by Ali: community. In case that's not enough, check out the appendix in this Whitepaper to better understand the tables used in the Financial Dimension Framework and their relations. Knowing the relation, you will be able to build queries that start from CustTable and link with the CostCenter dimension alone. I do have this code and it is fine Basically the Default Dimension can have multiple entries with CostCenter eg. I want to print an internal list having the data from my table which holds CostCenter in a field of type DimensionValue.
On the Dialog before printing I want to add a filter for CostCenter to just print data related to this or print the list grouped by costcenter Now DimensionValue field is a string field, you can just add filter and grouped by this field like normal string field. Which version of AX are you using? Can you explain more on the 'a table' and what you mean with 'group the data'? Do you want to summarize or just having a sorting? Hi, as mentioned in the title it is AX Just like Dominic mentioned, you can create a string field in a new custom table.
In this way it is easier compared to the Default dimensions.
SAP CO - Profit Center Standard Hierarchy
By continuing to browse this site, you agree to this use. Learn more. Microsoft Dynamics AX Forum. Helpful resources. Community Forums. Ask a question. Visit Microsoft Learn. Replies 8 All Responses.Dear Experts, I had a requirement to download all the cost center accounts and groups informations from SAP into the single spread sheet at single step.
So in the spread sheet, cost center groups should be in horizontal position and cost center account numbers should be in vertical position. Because we need to upload the cost center information into the legacy system.
So could you let me know to get all the cost center informations through single transaction code or any other ideas would be highly appreciated and valuable.
Please do needful. Best regards, Kesava balaji. Hi, You would not get information on cost center groups directly in the tables, as they are structures. Hope this info is useful. This will require an ABAP programmer.
No standard SAP report is going to give you what you need. The main reason is that you probably have nested cost center groups, so when you say you want "Cost Center Group", which level do you require? This is because your cost center may belong to more than one group if you are using alternate hierarchies. Good luck. Brian Docili. Some name 15k Followers. Tech Sign In Page. Forgot Password?
Don't have an account? Sign up. Follow Tech Sign In Page. June 29, AM. Something went wrong on our end.FSV is covered in a separate blog, you can check it here. Repeat this process until you reach to the last node or leaf node, in below example Canada does not have any node underneath it, it has a Cost Center assigned to it but no child node hence Canada is a leaf node and when you reach to the leaf node you will not find any entry in SETNODE table :.
Appreciate your efforts to put down in document. I fetched this data many times but always started from scratch. Thanks Abhishek thats useful. I tried recreating the logic mentioned above but can see some cost center groups are recursive. This seems strange. How do we identify cost center groups which are not part of a standard hierarchy.
Technical Articles. Abhishek Agrawal. Posted on June 29, 3 minute read.
What is an SAP cost center hierarchy?
Follow RSS feed Like. Unit enter your organization unit, in my case, it is In Set Name enterit may be different in your case Output field Subset ID of this table will give you items under the header node: 3.
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Like 0. Swathi Devireddy. February 5, at pm. Abhishek Agrawal Post author. February 11, at am. Is this helpful? Regards, Abhishek. Link Text.SAP S/4HANA Finance - Hierarchies
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